Hell for Eternity?
Is an Eternity in Hell Bibically Correct?
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Hell is not literally a fire
- Billy Graham
- John Calvin
- Charles Hodge
Hell as Self-Imposed Exile
- CS Lewis
- Pope John Paul II
- N.T. Wright
- Timothy Keller
Annihilationism (Extinctionism or Destructionism or Conditional Immortality)
- Ignatius of Antioch
- Irenaeus of Lyons
- Cyprian of Carthage
- Arnobius of Sicca
- Isaac Barrow
- Richard Francis Weymouth
- Francis Chan and Preston Sprinkle, PhD
- John Wenham
- Clark Pinnock
- Ben Witherington
- Greg Boyd
- F. F. Bruce
- Edward Fudge
Purgatory or Universal Reconciliation
- Origen of Alexandri
- Gregory of Nazianzus
- Gregory of Nyssa
- Abraham Lincoln
- George MacDonald
- Paul Tillich
- Jurgen Moltmann
- Why I am an Annihilationist http://www.rightreason.org/article/theology/annihilationist.pdf
- Is there room for alternative views of hell? http://yuriystasyuk.com/what-christian-leaders-think-about-hell/
J. I. Packer on Why Annihilationism Is Wrong https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/article/j-i-packer-on-why-annihilationism-is-wrong/
Conditional Immortality: Biblical proof of Annihilation in Hell
A growing number of well-known Christian leaders, such as Dr. David R. Reagan, John R. Stott, Greg Boyd, Roger Forster (co-founder of the March for Jesus events), Philip Hughes, Michael Green, Stephen Travis, and Clark Pinnock have declared support for part, or all, of the biblical doctrine of "conditional immortality." Even the British Bible translator, William Tyndale, also defended Conditional Immortality during his lifetime. Also, the very well respected scholar F.F. Bruce states, "Eternal conscious torment is incompatible with the revealed character of God" so he chose to write the forward to an excellent evangelical book on this topic called, "The Fire that Consumes" by Edward Fudge. While some call it annihilationism, simply stated, "Conditional Immortality" is the biblical belief that the "immortality" of the soul is not inherent (Greek philosophers thinking) but conditional (Biblical thinking) upon receiving the gift of everlasting life through faith in Jesus (Yeshua in Hebrew). It is part and parcel of the gospel. God alone has immortality -- anyone else becomes immortal only as a result of God's gracious gift (1 Timothy 6:16, Romans 2:7). For centuries, church theologians have wrongly assumed the Greek doctrine of the immortality of all souls. Therefore, it is no wonder that the message of immortality has been completely dropped from modern preaching. I ask you, when have you ever heard a message offering "immortality" as part of the gospel presentation? It is almost never done, because today most people falsely assume the soul is already immortal. Yet, immortality through Jesus (Yeshua) alone is what the Jewish Apostle Paul preached: * (He/Jesus), has destroyed death and has brought life and immortality to light through the gospel. (2 Timothy 1:9b-10) Paul clearly links immortality to the gospel. Paul did not believe the Greek philosophy of his day which taught the immortality of all souls. Before the Messiah, Jesus, came, no one had a chance at immortality because of sin. If they did, then Paul's statement would make no sense. Why would immortality come through the gospel if all had it from birth? The gospel would not have brought about immortality - since all had it. But immortality is uniquely and only with believers...
Here is an actual comment (one of many) gotten after reading this scriptural argument:
Thank you so much for the wealth of solid biblical insight you have given. I grew up attending several different denominations of Christian churches, and I was taught the traditional view of hell. All the churches I have attended as an adult have taught the traditional view. I've always wondered why the word, "perish" didn't actually mean "perish" or "be destroyed". I was taught that it meant "be eternally tormented". I have always wondered why the Bible said eternal life was a gift if it was something we already were going to have no matter where we ended up. Now I know I was right to question these things. Paul never preached about eternal torment, only of the gift of eternal life one could receive by putting their faith in Jesus. How sad it is that so many people only hear of a God that will send them to hell where He will torment them eternally instead of the God who gives eternal life as a gift because of His great love. -- Heidi
So read this book to see how unbiblical the concept of the immortality of the unsaved soul is. Immortality is reserved only for those who put their faith in Jesus. All the rest are destroyed (not preserved) (see Matthew 10:28) after a period of time. They will suffer no more and no less than their sins deserve - then will be destroyed forever. God is just and Holy.... but not cruel.
Douglas Berry, "Conditional Immortality: Biblical proof of Annihilation in Hell", Amazon Books, https://www.amazon.com/Conditional-Immortality-Biblical-proof-Annihilation/dp/1482698056
Key New Testament Scriptures
John 6:51a (ESV)
I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever.
Romans 2:7 (ESV)
to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life
2 Timothy 1:9-10 (ESV)
...God, 9 who saved us and called us to a holy calling, not because of our works but because of his own purpose and grace, which he gave us in Christ Jesus before the ages began, 10 and which now has been manifested through the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, who abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel
Matthew 10:28 (ESV)
And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell.
James 4:12 (ESV)
There is only one lawgiver and judge, he who is able to save and to destroy.
Philippians 3:19 (ESV)
Their end is destruction, their god is their belly, and they glory in their shame, with minds set on earthly things.
2 Thessalonians 1:9 (ESV)
They will suffer the punishment of eternal destruction
Hebrews 10:39 (ESV)
But we are not of those who shrink back and are destroyed, but of those who have faith and preserve their souls.
- 1. the action or process of causing so much damage to something that it no longer exists or cannot be repaired.
2. the action or process of killing or being killed.
synonyms: annihilation, obliteration, elimination, eradication, liquidation;
If man was already immortal why would he need to seek immortality and eat the bread from heaven to live forever? And why would Jesus Christ have to bring immortality to light through the gospel if all men are immortal already? Because immortality is conditional and God can destroy the soul along with the body thereby rendering the soul no longer immortal. Immortality is inextricably linked to salvation through faith in Jesus Christ.